(New York City, 1886 - 1981, Santa Monica, California)
Struss, who studied photography with Clarence H. White, was part of Alfred Stieglietz's 291 circle. By 1914, Struss had his own studio with clients including Vogue, Vanity Fair, and Harper's Bazaar. He pursued their assignments not as commercial but as an extension of his personal pictorialist work. In 1919 Struss moved to Hollywood to work as a still photographer, but quickly became enamored of cinematography. After serving as a second unit cameraman for Cecil B. DeMille, Struss moved up the ladder. Bringing pictorialist lighting, techniques and effects to motion pictures, he recieved four nominations for Oscar for Best Cinematography, winning once, in 1929.