(Riverside, California, 1895 - 1971, Oaxaca, Mexico)
Born in Riverside, California, she graduated from Los Angeles State Teachers College and did graduate study at Columbia University in 1912-13. From 1918-1919, she studied at the Art Students League in New York with George Bellows and John Sloan and then studied in Europe. For several years she taught art in schools in New York City. In 1931, she received a Guggenheim Fellowship with which she traveled in Mexico.