(New Malden, Surrey, England, 1924 - 2013, London, England)
Anthony Caro is one of the twentieth century’s most influential sculptors. After studying sculpture at the Royal Academy Schools in London he worked as an assistant to the celebrated sculptor, Henry Moore. He came to public attention with a show at the Whitechapel Gallery in London in 1963, where he exhibited large, brightly painted abstract sculptures standing directly on the ground. By eliminating the sculptural base and creating works that occupied the viewers’ space in an aggressive manner, Caro brought abstract sculpture to an unprecedented arena. Caro often worked in steel, but also in a diverse range of other materials, including bronze, silver, lead, stoneware, wood and paper. Knighted in 1987, he has been credited with single-handedly reinventing the look of British sculpture. Major exhibitions include retrospectives at the Museum of Modern Art, New York (1975), the Trajan Markets, Rome (1992), the Museum of Contemporary Art, Tokyo (1995) and the Tate Britain, London (2005). Additionally, Caro taught at St Martin’s School of Art in London from 1953 to 1981. His inquisitive approach as an artist and teacher opened up many new sculptural possibilities, and continue to influence sculpture today.