HHK Foundation for Contemporary Art, Inc., Milwaukee, Wisconsin
Purchased from HHK Foundation by Akron Art Museum, March 11, 1983
2016: "Eva Glimcher and Pace/Columbus, 1965-1982" 10/23/15 - 1/17/16, Columbus Museum of Art, Columbus, Ohio
2015: Haslinger Galleries, 5/12/15 - 8/9/15, Akron Art Museum
2013 - 2014: Haslinger galleries, 6/18/13 - 10/12/14, Akron Art Museum
2011: Haslinger galleries, 1/11/11 - 6/19/11, Akron Art Museum
2007 - 2010: "Opening exhibition, Haslinger galleries" 7/7/07 - 6/7/10, Akron Art Museum
2001: McDowell Gallery, 2/10/01 - 9/10/01, Akron Art Museum
1998: "Selections from the Permanent Collection" 2/7/98 - 11/2/98, Akron Art Museum
1997 - 1998: "A 75th Anniversary Celebration of the Collection" 11/15/97 - 1/11/98, Akron Art Museum
1994 - 1995: "Selections from the Permanent Collection" Akron Art Museum
1992: "A Nation's Legacy: 150 Years of American Art from Ohio Collections" tour, organized by the Columbus Museum of Art, Columbus, Ohio
1/19/92 - 3/15/92, Columbus Museum of Art, Columbus, Ohio
4/9/92 - 5/5/92, The Isetan Museum, Tokyo, Japan
5/12/92 - 6/21/92, The Yamaguchi Prefectural Museum of Art, Yamaguchi, Japan
6/27/92 - 8/2/92, The Fukushima Prefectural Museum of Art, Fukushima, Japan
8/7/92 - 9/6/92, The Takamatsu City Museum of Art, Takamatsu, Japan
9/23/92 - 10/5/92, Daimaru Museum, Umeda, Osaka, Japan
1991 - 1992: "Focus on the Collection: A 70th Anniversary Celebration" 11/3/91 - 1/5/92, Akron Art Museum
1990: "Selections from the Permanent Collection" Akron Art Museum
1986 - 1987: "The Human Presence" 11/1/86 - 5/10/87, Akron Art Museum
1985: "Selections from the Permanent Collection" Akron Art Museum
1984 - 1985: "Jim Dine: Five Themes" tour, organized by Walker Art Center, Minneapolis, Minnesota
2/12/84 - 4/8/84, Walker Art Center, Minneapolis, Minnesota
5/6/84 - 6/17/84, Phoenix Art Museum, Phoenix, Arizona
7/22/84 - 9/3/84, St. Louis Art Museum, St. Louis, Missouri
9/30/84 - 11/11/84, Akron Art Museum
12/9/84 - 1/20/85, Albright-Knox Art Gallery, Buffalo, New York
2/20/85 - 4/28/85, Hirshorn Museum and Sculpture Garden, Washington, DC
1980: "Jim Dine" 1/11/80 - 2/9/80, The Pace Gallery, New York, New York
frame (two sections) left: 71 3/4 x 88 x 2; right: 71 3/4 x 96 x 2
Painting Around Mount Zion, 1979
Collection of the Akron Art Museum
Jim Dine's rise from youthful midwestern art student to internationally celebrated artist was meteoric. Raised and educated in Ohio, Dine remembers with fondness his first visits to the Cincinnati Art Museum as well as the evening art classes he attended as a teenager at the neighboring Art Academy of Cincinnati. He began college at the University of Cincinnati but transferred to Ohio University in Athens, where he was awarded a B.F.A. in 1957.
Moving to New York in 1958, Dine became the youngest among a handful of brash upstarts who would steal the art world's spotlight from the Abstract Expressionists in the early 1960s. What Dine shared with these Pop Art stars—notably Claes Oldenburg (see pp. 184–85), Tom Wesselman, Andy Warhol (see pp. 148–49), and Roy Lichtenstein—was a healthy disregard for the separation between so-called high and low subject matter and a desire to blur the boundaries between art and nonart forms. The Pop mandate was to create art reflective of everyday modern life. Domestic objects, references from popular culture, and modern advertising were embraced and utilized. Over the years Dine has repeatedly used a variety of media to focus on a few familiar motifs, including a heart, a gate, a tree, Venus de Milo, numerous tools, and a man's robe.
Dine created his first robe painting in 1964. Like all of his subjects, the robe was found rather than invented. In an advertisement in the New York Times, Dine came across a photograph of a man's bathrobe with the human model airbrushed out. With this as his starting point, he created a number of robe pictures during the mid-1960s. The robe was immediately identified as a stand-in for the artist, a symbol of masculinity as well as a generalized self-portrait.
Multiple robes, as in the Akron painting, provide the artist with additional opportunities to explore the image's communicative power, thereby increasing, in this case fourfold, the intense presence of the male icon. Dine has frequently used the robe and other images in multipaneled works in which an image is repeated or seen as part of a sequence of related images. Through focused repetition comes variation: no two images are alike, despite their thematic consistency. This theme-and-variation approach characterizes Dine’s art making.
In the late 1970s a change occurred. Leaving behind Pop's cool reserve and aloofness, Dine turned up the emotional heat in order to exploit the expressive power of his imagery. Simultaneously he fine-tuned his draftsmanship and explored the painterly gesture more enthusiastically, even if always within the context of representation. With these aesthetic shifts in place, the artist returned to making robe pictures after a hiatus of several years.
Painting around Mount Zion, one of a small number of robe pictures created during the late 1970s, was produced during a three-month sojourn in Jerusalem. Dine's studio there was in a neighborhood known as Yemin Moshe; its proximity to Mount Zion gave rise to this painting's title. The artist was enchanted by the Middle Eastern light, even though its intensity was so great that he had to whitewash the windows of his studio in order to work in it.
The Jerusalem robes radiate with the brilliance of the local sunlight. In Painting around Mount Zion, four large figures loom out at the viewer, their strident stance seen against a flood of saturated color. These robes serve so potently as receptacles and vehicles for emotional energy, it is easy to see why the late 1970s robe paintings are considered to be among the artist's most expressive and most successful works.
- Jean E. Feinberg, 2001
Beal, Graham W. J. Jim Dine: Five Themes. With contributions by Robert Creeley, Jim Dine, and Martin Freidman. New York and Minneapolis: Abbeville and Walker Art Center, 1984.
Feinberg, Jean E. Jim Dine. New York: Abbeville, 1995.
Glenn, Constance W. Jim Dine Drawings. New York: Harry N. Abrams, 1985.